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Banshan style (approximately 2800 – 2500 B.C.) ; Majiayao Culture
Terre cuite peinte
H : 47 cm Diameter : (belly) 39 cm Diameter : (base) 13 cm
M.C. 7519

This jar was created with a “colombin” technique (coiled clay) and baked at about 800°C. It has a long and narrow neck embellished with two small ears on the sides. The broad and sloping body narrows at the base, and is divided into two parts marked by the presence of two large handles. The upper part is emphasised with a rich and complex design of broad lines and saw-tooth lines, painted with black and reddish engobe in a spiral pattern. A dark rectilinear feature duplicated by a wave-like motif delineates the composition, leaving the lower part of the body without embellishment.

This piece fits within the work produced during the Neolithic Era in Gansu province, a region where jars were discovered in Banshan, Machang and Xindian. The terra cotta found in these three sites shows an evolution, moving towards a simplification of geometric decoration and the appearance of forms that seem to be inspired by metal arts. The Banshan Culture itself represents an extension of the painted pottery Culture of central China, discovered in Banpo (near Xi’an) near the Yellow River.

Auteur de la notice : Gilles Béguin
Collection : Neolithic period
Mode d'acquisition : Purchase, 1929
  • Jar

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