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Period of Warring States

Period of Warring States

The Warring States period (Zhanguo - 481-221 B.C.) truly begins with the breaking up of Jin in 453 B.C. when China is divided in to numerous rival states  finally absorbed by the Qin in 221 B.C. The use of irons weapons and newly introduced crossbows rendered warfare increasingly deadly.

Demographic pressure together with the spread of iron technology encouraged land clearing. Despite the prevalent political chaos of this period, the rival contenders enjoy a luxurious lifestyle. The taste for bronze vessels of various and exaggerated shapes prevails in the Chu Kingdom (Hebei, Hunan). This state from southern-center China will keep its cultural particularism under the Western Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 9). It especially appears in tomb furnishings : long-tongued tomb guardians with deer antlers or birds forming the frame of drumstands, all artefacts whose meaning is still debated. Lacquer objects gain great popularity beside bronzes in tombs. Boarder motifs with oblique lines ending with swirls in red and black lacquer prefigure further developments of lacquer wares.

  • Antlers
    Antlers Period of the Warring States (481 – 221 B.C.) - Painted and lacquered wood, deer antlers
  • Drum stand
    Drum stand Period of the Warring States (481 – 221 B.C.) - Wood with traces of polychromy
  • Cup with rectangular
    Cup with rectangular "ears" Period of the Warring States (481 – 221 B.C.) - Lacquered wood
  • Plate with a frieze of felines in motion
    Plate with a frieze of felines in motion Ancient Dian Kingdom (approximately 298 – 109 B.C.) - Bronze, nephrite, malachite
  • Belt plate – feline attacking a deer
    Belt plate – feline attacking a deer Ancient Dian Kingdom (approximately 298 – 109 B.C.) - Bronze