In the first half of the 20th century, the museum focused primarily on ancient Chinese art. In the 1950s, it began to include modern painting. Today, thanks notably to donations, the museum is enriching its collections of both ancient and contemporary art.

Northern China sees sixteen ephemeral kingdoms, including the northern Wei, who establish a new capital at Pingzheng (close to the present Datong). Faced with these repeated invasions, the Chinese dynasty fell back in the south driven by the Xiongnu nomads. In these southern regions, the emperors founded a new capital, the present Nanjing (Nanjing), where they maintained a refined courtyard and supported painters, poets and calligraphers, such as the painter Gu Kaizhi (345-411) and the calligrapher Wang Xizhi (307-365) considered the father of Chinese calligraphy. The landscape painter Wang Wei (415-443), of whom, unfortunately, no work has come down to us, lays the foundations of landscape painting. Quas recensere puto nunc oportunum absque...

mesopotamia digesta, cum bella parthica dicerentur, and aegypto, quam necessario aliud reieci ad tempus.
Modern and contemporary China

The Republic founded in 1912 faced numerous difficulties. In 1949, the Communist party won control from the Nationalist forces. In the course of this turbulent period, Chinese artists renewed the traditional artistic vocabulary and adapted Western techniques.