In the first half of the 20th century, the museum focused primarily on ancient Chinese art. In the 1950s, it began to include modern painting. Today, thanks notably to donations, the museum is enriching its collections of both ancient and contemporary art.

Northern China sees sixteen ephemeral kingdoms, including the northern Wei, who establish a new capital at Pingzheng (close to the present Datong). Faced with these repeated invasions, the Chinese dynasty fell back in the south driven by the Xiongnu nomads. In these southern regions, the emperors founded a new capital, the present Nanjing (Nanjing), where they maintained a refined courtyard and supported painters, poets and calligraphers, such as the painter Gu Kaizhi (345-411) and the calligrapher Wang Xizhi (307-365) considered the father of Chinese calligraphy. The landscape painter Wang Wei (415-443), of whom, unfortunately, no work has come down to us, lays the foundations of landscape painting. Quas recensere puto nunc oportunum absque...

mesopotamia digesta, cum bella parthica dicerentur, and aegypto, quam necessario aliud reieci ad tempus.
Chine moderne et contemporaine

La République de Chine fondée en 1912 fit face à de multiples difficultés. En 1949, les forces communistes remportèrent la victoire sur l'armée nationaliste. Durant cette période mouvementée de l'histoire, les artistes chinois renouvelèrent leur vocabulaire plastique traditionnel tout en adaptant les techniques occidentales à leur sensibilité et nécessités historiques.