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The Three Kingdoms and Six Dynasties period

The Three Kingdoms and Six Dynasties period

The Han Dynasty falls in 220 as the result of a terrible agrarian crisis and of violent religious disorders (the Rebellion of the Yellow Turbans). China is briefly reunited by the Jin Dynasty (265-316) before it falls to internal squabbling. North is controlled by alien rulers (Luoyang in 311 and Chang'an in 316) and South by powerful short-live courts of emigrate aristocrats changing with palace coups in Jiankang (Nanjing). Nevertheless, during two centuries, slow but regular economic development is encouraged by vivid trade in southern China.

In the North, nomadic barbarians settle. The Tuoba clan secure their position all over northern China and establish the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534). Through clever sinicization, they exert a strict control over peasant families. but the court life is so extravagant and decadent that they cannot fight against rebellions (523 and 534). More or less short dynasties occupy the Northern Wei territory ; the Eastern Wei (534-557) occupy the Hebei province. They are replaced by the Northen Qi (557-577). As for the Western Wei (535-556), they settle in Chang'an in Shaanxi. They will have to let their territory to the Northern Zhou (556-581) who will reunify northern China.

  • Celestial musician
    Celestial musician Pre-480. Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534) - Sandstone
  • Buddhist stele
    Buddhist stele 9th year of Tianbao (560). Northern Qi Dynasty (550 – 577) - Stone
  • Tomb guard
    Tomb guard Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534) - Terra cotta
  • Camel driver
    Camel driver Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534) - Terra cotta
  • Five of the twelve calendar animals
    Five of the twelve calendar animals Late Era of the Six Dynasties (316 – 589), early Sui Dynasty (581 – 618) - Terra cotta
  • Tomb beast guard
    Tomb beast guard Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534) - Terra cotta
  • The Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva
    The Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva Late 5th century, Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534) - Sandstone
  • Bodhisattva
    Bodhisattva Approximately 470, Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534) - Sandstone
  • Head of Bodhisattva
    Head of Bodhisattva Northern Qi dynasty, third quarter of 6th century - Black marble
  • Horseman carrying a horn
    Horseman carrying a horn Wei Dynasty (386 - 534) - Terracotta
  • Head of Buddha
    Head of Buddha circa 480 - Sandstone