In the first half of the 20th century, the museum focused primarily on ancient Chinese art. In the 1950s, it began to include modern painting. Today, thanks notably to donations, the museum is enriching its collections of both ancient and contemporary art.
Modern and contemporary China
The Republic founded in 1912 faced numerous difficulties. In 1949, the Communist party won control from the Nationalist forces. In the course of this turbulent period, Chinese artists renewed the traditional artistic vocabulary and adapted Western techniques.